A bunion is an unatural bump at the base of the big toe. It is caused by a shift of the toe bones into an improper position. In most cases the big toe begins to point toward the smaller toes and often results in pain and loss of function.
Big Toe Arthritis is inflammation of the joints (the points where bones meet) at the base of your big toe. On average, 90% of your body weight is placed upon the big toe so is easy to see why the most common type of foot arthritis is located in the big toe.
An ingrown toenail (Onychocryptosis) is a common discomfort that involves the nail curving down, into the surround skin as it grows. Ingrown toenails, absent in cultures who go barefoot, are most prevalent in the big toe.
A fungus can invade the nail through minor cuts, or after injury. Repeated irritation to the toes may cause the nail to separate from the bed. Fungal infections of the nail plate, also known as onychomycosis and nail matrix, are the most common nail disease.
A hammer toe is a toe that is bent because of a muscle imbalance around the toe joints. The imbalance causes the toe to bend at one or more joints, pushing the middle of the toe upward in a claw-like position. Hammer toes always occur in the four smaller toes, usually the second toe. They may hurt or look odd, or both.
A Tailor’s Bunion, also known as a Bunionette, differs from a traditional bunion because it develops at the base of the baby toe instead of the side of the big toe. A bunionette is also known as metatarsalgia or intractable plantar keratosis.
On the bottom of each lesser toe joint (excludes the big toe), there is a ligament between the base of the toe and the metatarsal (foot bone). This ligament is called the plantar plate. Over time the ligament may overstretch or tear, resulting in pain and may lead to a dislocation of the toe.
Avascular necrosis of the metatarsal head, commonly known as Frieberg’s infarction, is a painful condition that can occur when there is an interruption of the blood supply to a toe. When this happens the tissue dies and the bone collapses.
Unfortunately, not all toe surgeries result in a painless, nicely aligned toe that comfortably fits into a variety of shoes. Managing a surgery with a less than optimal outcome is an unpleasant task that requires a great doctor-patient relationship and careful consideration to appropriately correct the procedure. Fortunately for you, our team of podiatrists specialize in revision surgery.
There are two bones on the ball of the foot underneath the 1st metatarsal, located behind the big toe joint. These bones are called sesamoids. When one or both of these bones become injured, there can be pain, inflammation and disruption of the bones. This condition is called sesamoiditis.