Big Toe Arthritis is inflammation of the joints (the points where bones meet) at the base of your big toe. On average, 90% of your body weight is placed upon the big toe so is easy to see why the most common type of foot arthritis is located in the big toe.
Any trauma to the joint can potentially damage the cartilage of the ankle joint. The trauma can be acute as in a fractured ankle, or something degenerative that happens over time. Genetics can also be a factor, as is the case of Rheumatoid arthritis, which affects all parts of the body equally. Unfortunately, arthritis is a progressive disease that will compound itself. When there is a constant overuse and impact on the joint surface, the cartilage breaks down. This leads to a decreased range of motion, which, in turn, causes additional cartilage breakdown because the bones continue to wear on one another.
The term arthritis denotes joint inflammation and soft tissue swelling. Arthritis is a far-reaching description of 100 different diseases and divided into three categories:
Osteoarthritis is known as degenerative arthritis, Rheumatoid Arthritis is an inflammatory disease where a person’s own immune system attacks and destroys cartilage and Post-traumatic Arthritis can develop after an injury, sometimes many years after the injury.
Rheumatoid Arthritis, also known as “RA” is an autoimmune disease where the body’s immune system, which is designed to protect our health by attacking foreign cells such as viruses and bacteria, instead attacks the body’s own tissues.
Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic disease, which means it can’t be cured. Most people with RA experience intermittent bouts of intense disease activity, called flares. Sometimes the disease is continuously active and gets worse over time, other enjoy long periods of remission, with no disease activity or symptoms. Early diagnosis and aggressive treatment to put the disease into remission is the best means of avoiding joint destruction.