The University Foot & Ankle Institute specialized in both conservative and surgical treatments for foot and ankle conditions such as diabetic foot ulcers, ankle, toes and tendons injuries, and even deteriorating conditions like arthritis and bunions. Many conditions that we see on a regular basis respond very well to conservative treatments, including lower extremity specialized physical therapy, bracing, cast immobilization, custom orthotics, and injection therapy.
A bunion is a shift of the toe bones into an improper position which causes pain (sometime a lot of pain) and loss of function. The deformity involves the big toe and the long bone behind the big toe, called the first metatarsal. Over time, the first metatarsal begins to move towards the other foot while the big toe moves out of joint towards the 2nd toe. As the end of the 1st metatarsal bone begins to stick out, it will be under pressure from your shoes and the ground. This constant pressure and friction causes extra bone formation, leading to a bump.
Plantar Fasciitis is one of the most common causes of heel pain, especially in Southern California, where we walk around a lot because of our great climate. The Foot and Ankle Institute is a world leader in the research and treatment of plantar fasciitis with complete diagnostic services, non-surgical and state-of-the-art surgical options for plantar fasciitis treatment.
Ankle Sprains are the most common foot and ankle injury for children and adults. Sprains happen during high impact activities like running or basketball or by simply stepping off a curb "the wrong way."
A sprain is usually caused by the twisting of your ankle. Most often with the bottom of the foot turning inward, causing the outside of the foot and ankle to roll toward the ground. The foot can roll in the opposite direction as well. Regardless of which direction the foot rolls, great force is exerted on the ligaments.
The Achilles tendon is used in almost every activity that involves moving your foot. If you can walk, run, jump or stand on your tip-toes, make sure to thank your Achilles. It's the largest and strongest tendon in your body, running from the calf down to the foot, and can withstand more than a 1,000 pounds of force.
Unfortunately, when the Achilles tendon is injured, it can not only be very painful, but also put a swift end to mobility, as you once knew it.
Approximately ten percent of all fractured, or broken, bones occur in the foot or ankle. Fractures can occur from a single sudden trauma or repetitive overuse of a specific bone. Immediate and proper diagnosis of foot and ankle fractures are essential for the best outcome and may reduce the chance of further damage or surgery.
Big Toe Arthritis is inflammation of the joints (the points where bones meet) at the base of your big toe. On average, 90% of your body weight is placed upon the big toe so is easy to see why the most common type of foot arthritis is located in the big toe.
Your ankle joint is an important joint. You use it with every step. It allows you to move your foot up and down and keeps you balanced while walking, running or even standing.
A significant amount of force and pressure are placed upon this joint with each step you take. And while the ankle joint can usually withstand such pressure, sometimes injury, genetics or just plain wear and tear can create problems.
A hammer toe is a toe that is bent because of a muscle imbalance around the toe joints. The imbalance causes the toe to bend at one or more joints, pushing the middle of the toe upward in a claw-like position. Hammer toes always occur in the four smaller toes, usually the second toe. They may hurt or look odd, or both.
If you notice such changes in your toe, it is essential to seek proper treatment. Hammer toes never get better without intervention and the sooner it is treated, the better the outcome.
A cyst is a sac-like structure, typically filled with liquid. Cysts are commonly found on or underneath the skin, vary in size and can appear anywhere on the foot and ankle, as well as other parts of the body.
The causes of cysts vary but can include: infection, trauma, chronic inflammatory conditions and clogged oil glands. The most-common type of cysts we treat at the University Foot and Ankle Institute are Ganglion, Synovial and Plantar Fibroma.
Flat feet are generally passed on by genetics. However, there are cases where trauma or overuse of the foot can lead to a collapse of the arch. The posterior tibial tendon is the very strong tendon that helps to hold the arch. If this tendon is damaged, becomes weakened, or tears, the arch will begin to fall over time. When painful flat feet hurt and are left untreated, it can lead to long-term problems and be the source of additional conditions.
Diabetes is the cause of many foot conditions including: charcot foot, nueropathy, ulcers and infections. Because many diabetics experience nerve damage in their feet and ankles, they might not be aware of an existing or worsening condition. Prevention is the best treatment for Diabetic Foot Conditions and appropriate medical care and patient education is critical.
The average person takes 5,000 steps a day. The stress of carrying you around all day puts your feet at risk for injuries, including many toe conditions. These conditions include: sesamoiditis, avascular necrosis, plantar plate tear, Tailor's bunion, and more.
Heel injuries and conditions are very common and are often the result of too much stress on the heel bone and surrounding tissue. This can lead to heel spurs, plantar fasciitis, nerve damage and more. UFAI podiatrists have extensive knowledge in the evaluation and treatment of heel injuries.
Tendons are tough, flexible bands of tissue that connect muscle to bone enabling us to move. Despite their amazing strength, if strained or not properly cared for, tendons can be damaged. Such damage can result in tears and dysfunction to the Posterial Tibal and Peroneal tendons.
The ankle is a complex mechanism comprised of 3 bones, 2 joints, ligaments, cartilage and over 20 muscles. There are many conditions and injuries that can affect the ankle including: arthritis, sprains, breaks, cartilage damage and more. The podiatrists at UFAI pride themselves on offering the latest technology available to diagnose and treat your ankle condition.
Arthritis literally means "pain within a joint." While there is no cure for foot or ankle arthritis, UFAI podiatrists offer several different treatment options. With proper medical care, many patients are able to manage pain and maintain an active live, often without surgery. Seeking proper treatment in the early stages of foot and ankle arthritis is essential.
The podiatrists at UFAI have extensive knowledge and experience of nerve conditions in the foot including: nerve entrapment, neuropathy and tarsal tunnel syndrome. Nerve problems can be the result of direct irritation to the nerve or a medical condition that leads to nerve damage. It is important to seek proper medical treatment at the onset of symptoms.
Even if you practice good hygiene, toenails are still susceptible to problems from a number of systemic causes, including disease, infection or injury. Toenail abnormalities may also be caused by localized inflammation or infection.
Appearances may be difficult to diagnose with certainty and care must be taken to ensure correct diagnosis and therefore treatment.