Ankle Sprain and Treatments

If you are like me or the other 25,000 people in the US who suffer an ankle sprain each day, then you have suffered through the recovery of an ankle injury. More than 1 million Americans present to emergency rooms annually because of ankle injuries. Approximately one-half of ankle injuries occur during athletic activity. Adolescents age 10-19 have 1.5x greater incidence of ankle sprains than the general population. Increased activity during summer months also escalates incidence and risk of injuring the foot and ankle.

Overview

Ligaments are elastic structures that extend between bones to hold and support joints in proper position. An ankle sprain occurs when the ligaments that support the ankle are stretched beyond their normal range of motion. When the ligament is stretched beyond its limit, it will rupture or even pull a small piece of bone loose. This is called an avulsion fracture. The large majority (85%) of ankle injuries are inversion; when the foot turns in and rolls “under” the leg. This causes injury to the ligaments on the outside/lateral aspect of the ankle.

Severity

Ankle sprains are graded on the severity of the injury; Defined as Grade 1, 2, or 3.

Treatment

Grade 1: R.I.C.E. therapy, limit activity, walking as tolerated, and begin range of motion exercises when pain has improved and physical therapy.

Grade 2: R.I.C.E. therapy. Immobilize with brace or splint for 1-2 weeks, then begin range of motion exercises when pain has improved and physical therapy.
Grade 3: R.I.C.E therapy. Increased immobilization period – cast or cast boot. Aggressive physical therapy. May have associated or prolonged injury.

  • R – REST: Limit activity, avoid walking and running.
  • I – ICE: Apply immediately following injury. Continue for 20 min several times daily over the next week until swelling/edema resolves.
  • C – COMPRESSION: Ace wraps, compression sleeve, and lace-up brace help reduce swelling and pain.
  • E – ELEVATION: Elevate the ankle above the level of your heart for at least the first 2-3 days.

When to see a foot & ankle specialist

It is important to be evaluated by specialist if pain and inability to perform normal activity continues after the injury or if you have experienced multiple or recurrent ankle sprains. This may be a sign of an underlying more serious injury or chronic instability.

Prevention

The best way to prevent any injury is maintain proper strength, flexibility, and muscle balance.

  • Warm up and stretch properly before physical activity.
  • Be cautious when walking, working, and exercising on uneven surfaces.
  • Wear proper supportive shoe gear.

A thorough examination by a foot & ankle specialist can determine any risk factors for injury. Providing personalized advice for injury prevention can help everyone enjoy his or her favorite activities.

For an appointment with one of our doctors at one of our nine Southern California locations please call 877-989-9110 or click to make your appointment online.

The UFAI Education Team

The UFAI Education Team

For almost fifteen years, University Foot and Ankle Institute and their nationally recognized physicians have been providing the most technologically advanced medical care for the foot and ankle with the highest success rates in the country.

As a teaching institution, University Foot and Ankle Institute’s Fellowship Program is among the most advanced in the nation.

We at UFAI are driven to get our patients back to their normal activities with the highest level of function, in the least amount of time, using the least invasive treatments possible. From start to finish, we are with you every step of the way.

The UFAI Education Team works to help empower our patients and website visitors with the most up-to-date information about foot and ankle conditions, treatment options, recovery and injury prevention. Our goal is to pass on truly useful information to our readers.

We hope you enjoy our work and find it of value. Please let us know!
The UFAI Education Team

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.

Over 200,000 happy UFAI patients and growing
  • CustomerSure
    The medical care (at UFAI) is the best of the best.
    Douglas C.
  • When I compare the surgery result and treatment at the Foot and Ankle Institute with the treatment at other offices, I am amazed. I was so happy with my surgery result and that I had Dr. Baravarian fix the foot that w...
    M. G.
  • Yelp
    I was referred by a friend and was very impressed.  The staff is kind and courteous.  Dr. Baravarian was excellent.  Reconstructive surgery, and on both feet with 12 weeks of recovery. The orthodics have been a grea...
    Melissa H.
  • CustomerSure
    I am so pleased with the quality of care I received from UFAI. The physicians and therapists are all extremely knowledgeable and caring. The practice is also efficient and organized, and made the whole process of ther...
    Starelle D.
  • I am so grateful to have found you. I was dealing with so much pain and frustration for a lack of diagnosis. You have been very patient with me and all my questions and concerns. I appreciate how you take the time to ...
    Brittania
  • Everything was explained to me in detail and all of my questions were totally answered.. My recovery was a breeze. I could not be happier with the care or the final result. Thanks for the great care.
    George
  • Angies List
    He is very nice. He is really good with teens who don’t want to wear their orthotics. He is smart and helpful. He really was good at working with my daughter.
    Anonymous
  • CustomerSure
    I felt well cared for at this first session.
    Jeffrey C.
  • Yelp
    I had tendon surgery about 2 years ago at Kaiser and it was the worst experience of my life...Dr. Baravarian is a breath of fresh air! Finally!  A doctor who cares and really seems to care about your recovery! His ent...
    Mz P.
  • Yelp
    Right after my first visit with Dr, Briskin was over I knew I found the right doctor. My problem was approached with caution, care and expertise treatment. The treatment was important, but the doctor's mannerism is al...
    Kirk W.
Same Day Appointments
Now Available!

Or call 877-989-9110

24 hours a day, 7 days a week