Jones Fracture: Causes, symptoms and treatment options

Updated 12/1/2017
Jones Fracture, University Foot and Ankle Institute

A Jones fracture is a common fracture that occurs at the base of the fifth metatarsal (the long bones that connects to the pinky toe). What makes this type of fracture unique is that this area receives a limited blood supply, making healing difficult. A Jones fracture may present with symptoms very similar to a sprain or avulsion fracture. For this reason it is important to have the injury evaluated by a foot and ankle specialist.

 

UFAI, the Right Choice for the Treatment of Jones Fractures

 

The podiatrists at UFAI are trained trauma specialists and are experts in the treatment of all foot and ankle fractures, including Jones fractures. Out team of physicians is proud to offer state of art care in a professional, comfortable and relaxed environment. Our goal is to get you back on your feet and back to normal activity in the shortest amount of time.

What Causes a Jones Fracture?

Jones fractures can be the result of a sudden trauma or something that occurs over time due to overuse and repetitive stress (stress fracture). High arches may be a contributing factor due to increased pressure that is placed on the outside of the foot.

 

Symptoms of a Jones Fracture

Typical symptoms include:

  • Pain or achiness on the outside of the foot
  • Swelling and/or bruising
  • Walking with limp

 

Some patients can describe exactly when the injury occurred while others report an achiness or soreness that has been present for some time. If you experience any of these symptoms, it is important to seek a proper medical attention to reduce the risk of a worsening condition.

 

Diagnosing a Jones Fracture

Your doctor will examine the foot and discuss how long you have been experiencing pain and how the injury occurred. X-rays most likely will be ordered. In some cases Jones fractures do not show on initial x-rays and additional imaging may be necessary.

 

Treatment of a Jones Fracture

Conservative Treatment Options

In most Jones fracture cases, conservative treatment will be recommended and may include:

  • Non-weight bearing: Keep weight of the foot, crutches may be used
  • Walking boot/cast: to protect the healing bone and keep it immobile
  • Anti-inflammatory medication: to reduce swelling and pain

 

Complete healing of a Jones fracture may take longer than the 6-8 weeks required for most other fractures. This can be attributed to the limited blood supply to the area.

Surgical Treatment Options

In cases where the fracture didn’t properly heal or there are multiple breaks or a displaced bone, surgery may be recommended. Some patients, such as elite athletes, wish to avoid the lengthy natural healing process of a Jones fracture and opt for surgery right away.

 

During Jones fracture surgery a screw is inserted to stabilize the fracture. To further facilitate healing, a bone graft may also be performed.

 

Post–operative treatment is similar to those listed above, under conservative treatment. Surgical treatment of a Jones fracture typically allows for a significantly quicker return to activity.

 

Choose University Foot and Ankle Institute for Jones Fracture care

Our team of physicians has decades of combined experience in the treatment of foot and ankle trauma, including Jones fractures. We are proud to offer the latest diagnosis and treatment technologies available to ensure the best care possible, all in a professional and relaxed environment.

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