All Toe Conditions

Updated 8/2/2021
University Foot and Ankle Institute, Toe Injuries

The doctors at University Foot and Ankle Institute are nationally recognized experts with decades of experience in the treatment of toe conditions ranging from minor toenail concerns to bunions to ankle replacement surgery.

 

We revolutionized bunion and arthritis care and helped develop numerous technologies including one that allows most patients to be immediately weight-bearing after surgery.

 

We are only one of a handful of practices in the entire nation that can perform all three types of ankle replacement and are licensed to offer more bunion treatment options than anyone else.

  • A bunion, an unnatural bump at the base of the big toe, is caused when the big toe begins to point toward the smaller toes, often causing pain and loss of function.

  • The plantar plate is the strong ligament located on the ball of the foot, that supports the lesser toes. Injuries occur when the ligament is torn or over-stretched.

  • Big Toe Arthritis, also known as hallux limitus or hallux rigidus is inflammation of the joints at the base of your big toe. It is caused by overuse or genetics.

  • Sesamoids are two bones on the ball of the foot behind the big toe joint. Sesamoiditis is when they become injured, then pain, inflammation, and bone damage occurs.

  • A hammertoe is a toe that is bent because of a muscle imbalance around the toe joints. This causes the toe to bend upward in a claw-like position.

  • Gout is an accumulation of uric acid in the joints. Usually affecting the big toe, gout attacks can occur suddenly and are often very painful.

  • An ingrown toenail (Onychocryptosis) is a common discomfort that involves the nail curves down into the surrounding skin causing pain, redness, and inflammation.

  • A fungus can invade the nail through cuts or after an injury. Fungal infections (Onychomycosis) are the most common nail disease.

  • Turf toe is a sprain or hyperextension of the toe. The toes, especially the big toe, are bending firmly against the ground while the foot falls forward.

  • A tailor’s bunion, also known as a bunionette, differs from a traditional bunion because it develops at the base of the baby toe instead of the big toe.

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  • Avascular necrosis or Frieberg’s infarction is a painful condition that occurs when there's an interruption of the blood supply to a toe.

  • Unfortunately, not all toe surgeries have a successful outcome. Sadly, about 30% of our surgeries are correcting the failed outcomes of others.

  • This occurs when the cuboid bone becomes partially dislocated from the joint. It can happen gradually after overuse, or suddenly during a trauma, such as an ankle sprain.

  • Brachymetatarsia is a relatively rare condition that occurs when one or more of the toe bones is significantly shorter than the others.


 

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