What Are The Best Running Shoes For Your Type of Feet?

Best Running Shoe

Over the past few years, there has been a trend in the running world toward minimalistic shoes. A minimalistic shoe is defined as a shoe that allows the foot to function as close to its natural state as possible. They are generally manufactured with less cushioning and support – overall much less material than standard running shoes.

There are two primary reasons for this trend. Firstly, the minimalistic shoe is lighter. The energy saved from this decreased weight can ideally be used towards running – not carrying a heavy shoe. Secondly, functioning with “less shoe” can theoretically promote increased strength, balance, and overall biomechanics. The idea is to allow our feet to do most of the work and rely less on the shoe.

But with such a wide range in foot types, the minimalistic shoes may work against you as well. Some people require more support and/or cushioning in order to function at a pain-free, injury-free level. The purpose of this blog is to give an overview of general foot types and what to look for in a running shoe.

Best Running Shoes for Normal Arched Feet

With a “normal” arch, the foot functions in a neutral position. Normal biomechanics during our gait cycle result in the foot rolling outward (supinated) during heel strike and rolling inward (pronated) during mid-stance. This flexion of the arch is what provides our feet with shock absorption during walking or running.

Runners and walkers with a normal arch tend to do well with lightweight or cushioned shoes. People with this foot type may do well in the previously mentioned minimalistic shoes. A few examples of these are New Balance Minimus, Nike Free, Brooks Pure Drift, Merrell Run Bare Access 2, and Saucony Kinvara. All of these shoes provide a lightweight feel but do so with minimal support and limited cushioning. For more shock absorption, a neutral foot type can also do well in a high cushion shoe.

Best running shoes, over pronation, under pronated

Best Running Shoes for Flat Feet and Overpronators

With flat feet or overpronation, the foot and ankle may have difficulty stabilizing the body and shock isn’t efficiently absorbed. This causes additional stress, which can lead to stress fractures, plantar fasciitis, tendon injury, abnormal joint motion, and many other problems.

When looking for an appropriate shoe for a flat foot, one should focus on support. More specifically, medial support or support to the inside of the foot. As the foot tends to roll inwards more, the support will help control this over-pronation. In many cases, the support supplied by a shoe isn’t enough and orthotics may be necessary to control excessive pronation.

The shoe types that are helpful for a flatfoot are stability shoes or motion control shoes. These provide support to the inside of the foot much more than shoes with a focus on cushioning. Some of the more common stability shoes are Asics Kayano, Nike Zoom Structure, Brooks Adrenaline, and Saucony Omni. These are just a few examples of the many that fall into the stability shoe category. A motion-controlled shoe is even more supportive than stability shoes. Brooks Beast and New Balance 1540 are examples of motion-controlled shoes.

Both stability and motion control shoes provide additional support to the inside arch and cushioning throughout. With over pronation being a main factor in many chronic foot problems, these shoes are extremely helpful in avoiding injury during running or other athletic activities.

Best Running shoes for flat feeu, high arch running shoes

Best Running Shoes for High Arched Feet and Underpronators

With a high arch, the foot does not undergo the normal pronation required for adequate shock absorption. A high arch foot functions in a more rigid state and lacks flexion of the arch typically seen in a normal arch. Because of this, the focus in high arched feet is cushioning.

When the foot functions in a supinated (high arch) position the foot is a very poor shock absorber. Stress fractures, tendon injury, and ankle sprains can be very common with this foot type. In cases of increased ankle instability or injury, ankle bracing or orthotics may be used to add additional support on the outside of the foot.

Cushion shoes that are commonly used in high arch foot types are the Asics Nimbus, Brooks Ghost, and Nike Air Pegasus. These all provide high cushioning which is very important in high arch feet.

It is important to remember that running shoes are constantly changing from year to year and one shoe is not necessarily best for everyone. To find the best shoe for you and your feet, a thorough biomechanical exam by a knowledgeable foot and ankle physician may be necessary. Selecting the appropriate shoe is a crucial step in accommodating different foot types and avoiding injuries.

The best running shoes for flat feet

What people with flat foot need to look for in shoes is stability or motion control, not to be confused with arch support. No running shoes have “arch support”. Up to this point, they are all flat inside so they don’t contour the arch. You will need an orthotic to provide true support to the arch. Motion control shoes tend to be the most stable shoes and the majority of people don’t need this much support. Stability shoes have a wider range of support, however and it can take some trial and error to find the perfect amount of support.

The Asics Gel 5 are a neutral shoe. If you have flat feet and are having problems with your knees, ankles, etc., then you will most likely require some additional level of support and want to look for a stability shoe. The tricky part is every running shoe company makes a stability shoe. The best way to find the right shoe is to have a face to face evaluation by an expert in those shoes.

If you have any questions regarding the right running shoe for you, we encourage you to call us at (877) 989-9110 or visit us at www.footankleinstitute.com.

University Foot and Ankle Institute is conveniently located throughout Southern California and the Los Angeles area as our foot doctors are available at locations in or near Santa Monica, Beverly Hills, West Los Angeles, Manhattan Beach, Northridge, Downtown Los Angeles, Westlake Village, Granada Hills, and Valencia, California.


  1. Please write more on this topic as I go through shoes like fish go through water! 🙂

  2. I have low arches but underpronate. I realize this is opposite of the average, but I’ve been diagnosed by many a doctor and a podiatrist. What type of running shoe do you suggest for me? Also, I have narrow feet… Thanks! 🙂

    • Dr. Jason Morris

      Mindy, thank you for your question.

      Over pronation and low arches/flatfeet tend to coexist together as do high arches and under pronation (supination). All people pronate (roll inwards) to some degree. It is the body’s natural shock absorption. But when you have a low arch the joint mechanics allow for the foot to be more flexible than it should be and that results in excessive pronation. When you have a high arch the joints tend to lock and limit motion. Having a low arch and under pronating is a rare combination. Reasons for these unique biomechanics could come by looking into such things as curvature of the lower leg, knee and hip alignment or structural conditions in the foot limiting motion of the joints.

      A good shoe for a foot that under pronates, thus having limited shock absorption, is a neutral or cushioned running shoe. Each company will have differences in how they fit, but most come in narrow widths. In women’s running shoes this would be designated by an A size (B is standard and D is wide). How the shoe fits in the heel and through the arch are going to be specific for each shoe and will be based on personal comfort. Some of the more popular and highest rated neutral running shoes are Brooks Ghost, Asics Nimbus, Sacony Triumph and Mizuno Wave Creation. Keep in mind there are hundreds of shoes available and how they fit should be equally important to any brand or style recommendation.

      The key to getting the proper running shoe is how the foot functions through gait. A thorough gait analysis and evaluation of wear patterns on your shoes would be extremely helpful in identifying the correct type of shoe given the bio-mechanical opposition of low arches an under pronation.

      Mindy, once again, thank you for reading our blog and asking your question. We trulytry to make it relevant and actionable, and I hope we have done that for you.

      Run safe!

      Dr. Jason Morris

      • Love this. I also am a low arch and under-pronate runner good to know . I always felt that if I addressed the arch the pronation is not as much of a problem

  3. My experience is that all sizing charts mean nothing. There are so many differences as to brand, model, width etc. that there is only one real solution, to try the shoe on. If you can’t, then it is always safer to go for half a size bigger. But I’m only a size 7, so perhaps also widths completely change when going that big because 14 is humongous. Awesome!

  4. I am flat footed and overpronate and find the Brooks Addiction has more cushion than the Asics Kayano or Brooks Adrenaline. Actually it says on their website that the Brooks Addiction/Saucony Omni are specifically for flat feet and moderate to severe pronation.

    • Thank you so much for your comment and sharing your own experiences, that was awesome of you! I hope it helps others with flat feet and pronation.

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